What is Islamophobia?

At Rivers of Hope, we challenge Islamophobia through the arts. But what is Islamophobia, and what does it looks like?

Where did the term 

Islamophobia come from?

The term Islamophobia was first put into common use by the Runnymede Trust in 1997. Since then, its definition has expanded to respond to ongoing scholarly work and activism across the globe. 

What is the definition

of Islamophobia?

Islamophobia is defined as the fear or hatred of Muslims, or people mistakenly assumed to be Muslim, such as Sikhs. 

Islamophobia intersects with other forms of oppression, such as anti-Black racism and misogyny/sexism.    

What does Islamophobia look like?

Islamophobia has a wide range of manifestations. In the Canadian context, Islamophobia has looked like online hate activity and hate crimes, including vandalism of mosques as well as physical, sexual, and verbal violence against Muslims, or people who are mistaken to be Muslim. 


Infamously, on January 29, 2017, a white supremacist killed six Muslim men who were praying in the Islamic Cultural Centre of Quebec City. 

What does Islamophobia look like in schools?

Islamophobia in schools can look like bullying, targeting and/or excluding Muslim students, or students who are mistaken to be Muslim.


Like all instances of Islamophobia, Islamophobia in schools intersects with other forms of oppression, such as anti-Black racism.

Learn More

Book or attend a workshop with Rivers of Hope to learn more about Islamophobia and what we can do about it. 

Rivers of Hope, 2020-2021